Background. Chronic renal failure is an epidemic in elderly patients. Older population have an increased prevalence of frailty and sarcopenia, associated with a wide range of adverse health outcomes such as falls, hospitalization, disability.
Aim. Describe the sociodemographic and clinical variables of an elderly Lombard population and identify predictors of renal insufficiency.
Materials and methods. Cross-sectional observational study conducted in hospitals, in recreational centers for the elderly, in the Universities of the Third Age of the provinces of Milan and Monza-Brianza conducted through a convenience sampling of 1250 subjects over the age of 65.
Results. The study identified living alone, annual individual income < € 10,000, polypharmacy, sarcopenia and frailty as predictors of chronic kidney failure. The sample has a mean eGFR of 71.74 mL/min/1.73m2 (SD ± 16.56). Older people living alone are more likely to develop CRI (P = 0.031, confidence interval, CI [1.031-1.905]) as well as having an income < € 10,000 (P = 0.002, CI [0.392-0.923]). Taking more than 11 drugs a day increases the probability of having chronic renal failure by 16 times (P = 0.012, CI [1.155-3.16]). Sarcopenia and frailty increase the likelihood of having chronic renal failure (CRI) (P = 0.001, CI [1.198-2.095]). Conclusions. Identifying predictors of chronic kidney failure is a key step in introducing preventive measures and providing better care to the elderly population.
Keywords: Chronic Kidney Failure, elderly, fraility, sarcopenia