Patients undergoing haemodialytic treatment have a lower quality of life than the general population because of several factors. Their wellbeing can be assessed through a clinical evaluation or through the subjective point of view of the patients themselves: the perceived Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an index calculated on the basis of the patients’ own perspective. A well-functioning vascular access (VA) and the absence of complications are certainly associated with better health in patients on dialysis but unfortunately VA-related perceived HRQoL has so far been a subject of little interesting literature, even though the choice of the most appropriate access in the individual patient is today increasingly articulate and difficult. Information about subjective perception of health is typically collected through generic or specific questionnaires. The most used reproducible questionnaires available are SF-36, EuroQoL5D, SONG-HD, WHOQoL-BREF, VAQ, although not all of them have been used for a targeted assessment of the issues concerning HRQoL and VA function. This review confirms that the VAQ questionnaire is currently the simplest and most reliable tool to assess patient satisfaction with their VA.
Keywords: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), questionnaires, vascular access