Luglio Agosto 2019

The Fabry nephropathy: new insight in diagnosis, monitoring and treatment


Fabry disease is a rare inborn error of the enzyme α-galactosidase (Α-Gal) and results in lysosomal substrate accumulation in tissues with a wide range of clinical presentations. The disease has attracted a lot of interest over the last years and several issues has been discovered up to now leading to increasing knowledge and awareness of the disease. However, several aspects are still unclear and under investigation. Thus, the new challenges that physicians encounter are the discovering of the pathogenic mechanisms, the neutralising antibodies to ERT, the long-term efficacy of therapies.

In this article, we summarise and review the latest developments in the science community regarding diagnosis, management and monitoring of Fabry disease concerning in particular its physiopathology, novel biomarkers, antibodies development and novel treatment options.


Keywords: Fabry disease, nephropathy, α-galattosidase A, agalsidase

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La malattia di Fabry è una malattia genetica dovuta alla mutazione del gene GLA posto nel cromosoma X che causa la deficienza dell’enzima lisosomiale α-galattosidasi A. È caratterizzata dall’accumulo di glicolipidi (in particolare il globotriaosylceramide o Gb3 e la globotriaosylsfingosina o Lyso-Gb3), all’interno dei lisosomi di svariati elementi cellulari.  

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