Background. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is defined as the presence of bacteremia originating from a venous catheter and is one of the most common and costly complications, often followed by death and septicemia.
Objectives. To evaluate the effectiveness of specific interventions on CRBSI reduction rates and other outcomes.
Materials and Methods. The review has been performed by consulting scientific evidence through the PUBMED/MEDLINE database using MeSh terms and Boolean operators. Studies related to the formulated hypothesis have been selected and included.
Results. The results showed that thanks to a series of interventions it was possible to decrease the risk of CRBSI and lowered the risk of catheter removal, hospitalization rate and morbidity rate.
Discussion and Conclusions. Proper catheter care and follow-up procedures are the first steps in preventing infection. Audit and education of dialysis unit personnel is essential.
Keywords: Catheter, Blood Stream Infection, Hemodialysis Catheter Management, Nurse, Central Lines, Rate of Infections