Background: Given the public health challenge represented by chronic kidney disease, the Italian Society of Nephrology (SIN) promoted a census of the renal and dialysis units to analyze structural and human resources, organizational aspects, activities and workload, referring to the year 2018. Methods: An on-line questionnaire including 60 questions, exploring structural and human resources, organizational aspects, activities and epidemiological data referred to 2018, was sent to the heads of all identified Italian renal or dialysis unit. Results: Renal and dialysis activity was performed by over 2,718 physicians (41 pmp). The management of the acute renal failure was one of the most relevant activities in the public renal units (3,000 pmp patients in ICU and 183.000 dialysis sessions). Italian Nephrologists performed about 6000 AV fistulas out of a total of 9300. In the survey there are a lot of data regarding organization, workforce and workload of the renal unit in Italy. Conclusions: Data from this census may be used for benchmarking and comparison between centers, regions and groups of regions. These data offer a snapshot of the clinical management of renal disease in Italy.
Keywords: census, nephrology unit, organization, workforce, workload