Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Kidney failure: a case report

Abstract

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a rare multi-systemic disease with autosomal recessive transmission. BBS was at first considered to be homogeneous as for its genetics, but subsequent studies have shown an extensive gene variability. Currently, 21 genes (BBS1-21) present on different chromosomes have been mapped: these genes are responsible for BBS phenotypes and they show a great heterogeneity of mutations.The most common genes are BBS1 (locus 11q13) and BBS10.We show here the case of a 50 year old patient with BBS. Medical History: retinitis pigmentosa at 4 years of age evolved to complete blindness, generalized epilepsy crises, poly-syndactyly, left-hand malformation. In April 1986 developed an epileptic episode: on that occasion Chronic Kidney Failure (CKF) diagnosis and starting of haemodialysis. In 1989, hospitalization for epileptic seizures. In 2009 the patient underwent kidney transplantation from deceased donor. Immunosuppressive initial protocol: Basiliximab, Azathioprine, Tacrolimus, Steroid, and Tacrolimus, Azathioprine, Steroid at hospital discharge. Post-operative care complicated by respiratory failure with mechanical ventilation assistance. During hospitalization, the neurological picture remained stable. At hospital discharge Creatinine 1.8 mg/dl. Subsequently, immunosuppressant were gradually tapered until monotherapy with Tacrolimus. At present the patient’s conditions appear to be good, renal function has remained substantially stable with Creatinine between 1.4-1.5 mg/dl and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimated at 39-42 mL/min/1.73 m2 according to MDRD study Equation. This case shows the possibility to successfully manage a BBS-affected uremic patient, despite the complexity of the pathology and the aggravating factor of extreme rarity in diagnostic pathway.

 

Keywords: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), renal failure, renal transplantation

Sorry, this entry is only available in Italian.