The Power of Phosphaturia in the Infrequent Hemodialysis

Abstract

Introduction. Residual renal function (RRF) and phosphaturia had not stimulated particular interest in studies regarding patients on hemodialysis. In the current year the Authors have selected a series of patients with RRF undergoing infrequent hemodialysis treatments.

Purpose. The Authors have carried out a study of the phosphate balance in patients on infrequent hemodialysis with the hypothesis that the phosphaturia was always neglected in hemodialysis patients, but it could represent a positive impact element on the cardiovascular events and mortality in hemodialysis.

Methods. During 6 months, the Authors have conducted forty urine collections in 10 patients on twice a week hemodialysis (TWH) (age: 69,3 years, dialysis vintage: 42,7 months and 40.9 months on TWH) and eighty urine collections in 8 patients on once a week hemodialysis and low-protein diet (CDDP) (age: 69.6 years, dialysis vintage: 24.7 months and 24 months in CDDP) to determine RRF and phosphaturia. We compared the balance of phosphate compared with a thrice-weekly hemodialysis considering on phosphate removal: dialysis efficiency, phosphate-binders power on the protein- phosphates intake and the extent of phosphaturia.

Results. The patients on infrequent hemodialysis have demonstrated a significant share of urinary phosphate output leading to a weekly phosphoric balance equal to zero or even negative.

Conclusions. The phosphoric balance in infrequent hemodialysis patients is a decisive way to remove the phosphates, confirming that this factor could be decisive on the improved survival and reduced cardiovascular mortality compared to patients receiving thrice-weekly hemodialysis. The Authors stress again the need to keep as long as possible the FRR.

Key words: Infrequent Hemodialysis, phosphaturia, Residual Kidney Function

Full text of the article is available in Italian.