In 1944, during the World War II, many doctors and many medical students participated in the Warsaw Uprising. This group also comprised future nephrologists, professors of medicine, founders of Polish nephrology, dialysis and transplantology centers. We presented 3 of great polish nephrologists who participated in medical services in the Warsaw Uprising: Zygmunt Hanicki, Andrzej Manitius and Tadeusz Orłowski.
During the Warsaw Uprising, in 60 days 150 thousand civilians and 15-18 thousand insurgents, soldiers of the Home Army, were killed. Number of casualties would have been even larger if it had not been for the well prepared operations of medical services. It is estimated that medical services saved around 25 thousand lives. 1210 doctors and many medical students participated in the Uprising. We presented 3 of great nephrologists, pioneers of Polish nephrology and transplantology, who participated in Warsaw Uprising (1944) and after the war organized the clinics of nephrology, dialysis and renal transplantation centers in Poland.