Among the various problems associated with peritoneal dialysis, besides infectious causes, the risk of catheter malfunction plays a significant role in conditioning the continuation of the method, accounting for up to 15-18% of the total causes of dialysis drop-out. When non-invasive maneuvers, such as the use of laxatives to stimulate intestinal peristalsis or heparin and/or urokinase have no effect, videolaparoscopy is the only method that directly detects the precise causes of peritoneal catheter malfunction. Those found are, with decreasing frequency, the winding of the catheter between the intestinal loops and the omentum (wrapping), the dislocation of the catheter, the combination of wrapping and dislocation, the occlusion of the catheter by a fibrin plug, the adhesions between the intestine and abdominal wall, the occlusion of the catheter by epiploic appendages or adnexal tissue and, occasionally, the presence of a new formation of endoperitoneal tissue enveloping and obstructing the peritoneal catheter. We report the case of a young patient of African ethnicity who, only five days after catheter placement, experienced malfunction. A videolaparoscopy revealed wrapping with invagination of omental tissue inside the catheter. After omental debridement, a proper peritoneal cavity washout with heparin was resumed, and after a couple of weeks, APD was initiated. About a month later, a new malfunction without signs of coprostasis or problems with the abdominal radiogram was observed. However, a subsequent catheterography confirmed the blockage of drainage. This was followed by another catheterography and omentopexy, with definitive solution of the Tenckhoff malfunction.
Keywords: peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal catheter, omentopexy