Introduction: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease, with a prevalence of poor sleep quality of around 40%.
Objectives: The purpose of the study is to compare the sleep quality of ESRD patients before hemodialysis (Pre-HD), three months (Post-HD 1) and six months after the start of treatment (Post-HD 2) through the use of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Methods: Patients in ESRD were recruited from the U.O.C. of Nephrology and Dialysis of the Maggiore Hospital in Modica and biographical and anamnestic data were collected. The PSQI was administered in-person at the Pre-HD stage and by telephone re-test at the three- and six-month follow-up.
Results: A total of 71 patients (males=62%, age 68 ± 16) were included. At Pre-HD assessment 93% reported poor sleep quality, the percentage increased to 98% during Post-HD 1 and it partially improved during Post-HD 2 with a prevalence of 95%. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) by repeated measures showed a difference in sleep quality between the three time points.
Conclusions: Sleep quality undergoes important changes during the transition from conservative to hemodialysis patient, highlighting a critical period related to the first three months of treatment. More attention to this phase may improve the patient’s quality of life and reduce the associated risk of mortality.
Keywords: sleep, quality, hemodialysis, life, dialysis