Anti-angiogenic drugs are widely used in cancer therapy. Their main targets of action are the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors (VEGF-R). Anti-angiogenic drugs are used to reduce the growth of the tumor and its metastases by acting on the phenomenon of tumor neo-angiogenesis. However, they are known for their side effects such as hypertension, acute kidney injury (AKI), and congestive heart failure.
Methods: retrospective study conducted on 57 consecutive patients known for ovarian cancer. Patients treated with Bevacizumab, as first-line, relapse, or maintenance treatment (2015-2022).
Results: according to FIGO staging, 98.2% (56 out of 57) of the patients in the study had third degree disease (G3). 49% of patients developed hypertension after starting Bevacizumab therapy (82% grade 2 according to CTCAE v.5). 89% of hypertensive patients started treatment and its management was multidisciplinary with nephrological consultation in 68% of cases. Only 3 out of 57 women discontinued treatment due to hypertension, and in only one of them it was not possible to restart it.
Conclusions: the evaluation of the patient by a multidisciplinary team (gynecologist and nephrologist) is essential to minimize the morbidity and mortality of patients, and to avoid the interruption of antineoplastic treatment.
Keywords: anti-angiogenic drugs, kidney injury, proteinuria, hypertension, ovarian cancer, multidisciplinary team