Currently, CEUS (Contrast-Enhanced UltraSound) is used in the evaluation of different organs and systems. It offers valuable information about vascular disease, both on a macro- and a micro-vascular level, and has a series of well-established applications in the monitoring of adult patients; official guidelines and recommendations are also available. Its use in a nephrological setting is constantly growing thanks to the lack of nephrotoxicity of the contrast agent, the absence of ionizing radiation and the possibility of characterizing focal pathologies, for diagnosis and in clinical practice. We describe here 3 clinical cases relating to renal diseases and we review the relevant literature with a specific focus on the use of CEUS in a nephro-urological setting.
Keywords: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound, CEUS, contrast agents, imaging, microbubbles