Individuals who suffer from end-stage renal disease are at a higher risk of developing certain types of tumors. This risk increases as kidney function deteriorates further. Dialysis patients often witness a surge in the incidence of such malignancies. Interestingly, after the initial period following a kidney transplant, there is a dip in the number of deaths related to neoplasms. However, a long-term view reveals a progressive increase in the risk of developing tumors. The evaluation process for transplant candidacy is thorough, taking into account several factors, including the individual’s history of neoplasms and the implications of immunosuppressive therapy. Immunosuppressive therapy is a double-edged tool in managing post-transplant complications, as it can foster environments conducive to neoplasm growth. It is essential to reevaluate, with the aid of an oncological opinion, the waiting time between cancer recovery and the listing for kidney transplantation, based on clinical data and follow-up. Independent of the type of tumor, the requirement to treat and achieve remission delays the listing process, consequently extending the time spent with end-stage renal disease and undergoing dialysis. These factors correlate with increased mortality, heightened risk of cardiovascular disease, and graft loss.
Keywords: Kidney transplant, cancer, immunosuppressant agents