Spontaneous rupture of a simple renal cyst: clinical management

Abstract

Spontaneous renal bleeding mainly occurs in patients with polycystic kidney diseases or cancer. Indeed, despite the high prevalence of simple cysts, their spontaneous atraumatic rupture is a rare event. Underlying mechanisms may involve the increase of intracystic pressure and/or the development of a haemorrhage into the cyst. Management of this condition includes surgery, interventional radiology or conservative strategies. Here, we report a case of spontaneous rupture of a simple renal cyst, successfully managed with conservative treatment.

Key words: cyst rupture, renal cyst, spontaneous renal bleeding, subcapsular hematoma

Full text of the article is available in Italian.