The kidney transplant recipients’ population shows pronounced alterations of the lipidic profile, with hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol, LDL, VLDL), normal HDL and hypertriglyceridemia. Multiple factors contribute to the development of dyslipidemia, towards these, immunosuppressive therapy plays an important role. The impact on cardiovascular outcomes is less well defined than in general population. This work is a revaluation of the clinical approach to dyslipidemia in kidney transplant based on the more recent Guide Lines and literature. The use of statins in an adult transplanted population (eventually associated with ezetimibe) is safe and is a good compromise in terms of a cost/benefit analysis. Other hypolipidemic drugs are not usually suggested for the high incidence of side effects. Lifestyle changes are taking more and more relevance, and in the pediatric population is the only therapeutic act suggested.
Full text of the article is available in Italian.