The nutritional aspect has a critical relevance in the educational and care path of nephropathic patients. The Nephrology-Dietology synergy in the Hospital is conditioned by various factors, such as the difficulty for Dietology to provide capillary and personalized follow-up to nephropathic patients.
Hence the experience of a transversal II level nephrological clinic, dedicated to nutritional aspects throughout the path of nephropathic patients, from the earliest stages of kidney disease to replacement treatment. The access flowchart provides a nephrological indication: from chronic kidney disease (CKD), kidney stones, immunopathology, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and transplantation clinics, from the nephrological department, patients are selected for evaluation.
The clinic is conducted by an expert nephrologist and trained dietitians, and is divided into different settings: educational meetings in small groups (patients and caregivers); simultaneous dietary and nephrological visits to advanced CKD; nutritional-nephrological visits on specific problems: from metabolic screening of kidney stones to action on the intestinal microbiota in immunological pathologies, to the application of the ketogenic diet in obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and early kidney damage, to onconephrology. Submission to further dietological assessment is limited to critical and selected cases.
The synergistic model between nephrology and dietetics offers clinical and organizational advantages: guarantees a capillary follow-up, reduces the number of hospital accesses, thus enhancing compliance and clinical outcomes, optimizes available resources, and overcomes the critical issues of a complex hospital with the advantage of the always profitable multidisciplinarity.
Keywords: dietetic-nutritional therapy, nephrology, chronic kidney disease