The follow-up automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) patients has been recently improved as data can be transmitted remotely to an internet cloud. The introduction of remote patient monitoring (RPM) technologies also allows a better clinical control and tailoring of dialysis treatment through a web-based software (Claria-Sharesource Baxter). The aim of the present study is to determine the impact of RPM in a single center, both in clinical and organizational terms, compared to traditional technologies. We studied 26 prevalent APD patients aged 69±13 years, observing them for a period of six months while using the traditional technology and then further six months using the new technology. The patients had been on dialysis for 9 months before the start of the study and a relevant portion of them lived in mountainous or hilly areas. Our study shows an increase in the number of proactive calls from the center to the patients, a reduction of anxiety in patients and caregivers, an earlier detection of clinical problems, a reduction of unscheduled (urgent) visits and finally a reduction of hospitalizations after the adoption of RPM software. In our experience, the RPM system showed a good performance and a simple interface, allowing for the precise assessment of daily APD. Furthermore, RPM system improved the interaction between patients and healthcare providers, with a significant benefit in terms of safety and of care quality.
Keywords: automated peritoneal dialysis, dialysis prescription, remote patient monitoring, telemedicine, hospitalization