Hemodialysis patients have an increased risk of severe complications when infected with SARS-CoV-2. The introduction of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine represented an important progress in limiting severe forms of the disease.
The focus of our study is the detection of the antibody titer in chronic hemodialysis patients vaccinated with the mRNA vaccine BNT162b2 (Comirnaty, Pfizer-BioNTech).
The antibody titers were measured in 57 hemodialysis patients, vaccinated with 3 doses according to ministerial criteria, by ElectroChemiLuminescence ImmunoAssay (ECLIA). The response was defined as an antibody titer above the dosable level > 0,8 UI/ml. A good antibody response was defined as titer > 250 UI/ml. Infections with SARS-CoV-2 and adverse effects to the vaccine were recorded.
Our study showed in 93% of the hemodialysis patients a dosable antibody response after the second dose of the vaccine. After the third dose of the vaccine, 100% of the hemodialysis patients reached a dosable antibody titer. The vaccine proved to be safe, no serious adverse events were observed. After the third dose, SARS-CoV-2 infections were still observed, but with reduced severity. A vaccination course against SARS-CoV-2 infection with three doses of BNT162b2 in the dialysis patient is associated with a good immune response and protects against severe infections.
Keywords: Hemodialysis patients, SARS-CoV-2, mRNA vaccine BNT162b2, ElectroChemiLuminescence ImmunoAssay (ECLIA)