Background: The purpose of the study is to identify, through a survey, the parameters that need to be monitored during a hemodialysis session and to merge them into a surveillance flow sheet that allows the optimal conduction of the treatment.
Methods: The study was conducted using the questionnaire methodology and involved 78 nurses working in the nephrological area in Italy. The majority of participants have an age of service greater than 10 years and belong to a hemodialysis context.
Results: The data show how the surveillance flow sheet is a diversified tool according to the treatments carried out. However, the majority of dialysis flow sheets have a section dedicated to the medical-nursing diary, a space for recording the access characteristics and there is also a good level of digitalization of the instrument.
The frequency of detection of vital and monitor-related parameters varies on the basis of the treatment carried out, the registration of the identification number and the filter label are not a uniform practice. Finally, the majority points out the need for an improvement of the surveillance card in use.
Conclusions: The research highlights the lack of uniformity of the dialysis surveillance process.
The study proposes as a solution to the problem a universal medical-nursing flow sheet, called CUSTODE, which can guide the professional in the management of hemodialytic treatment, through the registration of a minimum data set.
Keywords: hemodialysis surveillance flow sheet, minimum data set, hemodialysis, safety