Proteinuria is a well-known marker of renal damage and, at the same time, an important factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease itself. The scientific community has always sought to investigate and provide answers on how nutritional therapy can influence and modify proteinuria and therefore limit its impact on progression to end-stage renal disease. However, despite the importance of the topic, the studies rarely take the form of randomized and controlled trials; in any case, they are often limited to protein intake only, conducted on very heterogeneous populations and, finally, they rarely indicate the precise values of proteinuria. The aim of this work is to explore the different nutritional approaches and their implications in the pathological conditions associated with proteinuria.
Keywords: proteinuria, end stage renal disease, diet, low protein, chronic renal failure