Immunoglobulin Light Chain Amyloidosis (AL) is a progressive disease which leads to organ dysfunction and death. Tremendous progress has been made in staging, response, and treatment. The key to better survival though is early diagnosis which can be difficult since the symptoms are often nonspecific and can be seen in more common conditions. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, staging systems are available to provide prognosis on overall and renal survival. There are a number of treatments now available that are effective and well-tolerated. Response criteria have also been developed for hematologic and renal response in order to maximize response and minimize adverse effects. Newer therapies are being developed in particular anti-fibril therapies that are in clinical trials. For those patients who had a very good partial response or better, kidney transplantation may be an option if the kidney failure is not reversed.
Keywords: amyloidosis, light chain amyloidosis, light chain, kidney transplantation