There were three prominent female pioneers of pediatric nephrology in Poland, professors Teresa Wyszyńska, Maria Sieniawska and Marta Uszycka-Karcz. All three started their activity in late 50-ties and step-by- step developed nephrology service for children in Warsaw and Gdańsk. Thanks to their personal activity and efforts, the pediatric nephrology became a modern subspecialty, using evidence-based guidelines, conducting scientific research and providing renal replacement therapy to all children in Poland. All three ladies were leading persons in this field for many years and their impact on development of this medical specialty remains to be fundamental and unquestionable.
Key words: pediatric nephrology, Teresa Wyszyńska, Maria Sieniawska, Marta Uszycka-Karcz, Poland